|Joseph Smith Jr.|
Founder of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Joseph Smith received a visitation from God the Father and the Son in 1820. Subsequently, he published the Book of Mormon, which he translated from golden plates. After a liftime of dynamic leadership in Kirtland, Ohio, in Independence, Missouri, and in Nauvoo, Illinois, as the Mormon Prophet, he was killed by a mob while being held prisoner in Carthage, Illinois.
His writings have chiefly been appreciated or discussed for their value as scripture and history, and for the theological claims made in them. Their literary value comes through in the deeply personal and often eloquent nature of many of his writings: in his journals and letters, in the history and revelations which he wrote, and in the pages of the Book of Mormon, which he translated. See Arthur Henry King, "Joseph Smith as a Writer" and Steven C. Walker, "Doctrine and Covenants as Literature."
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